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links and resources

If you have an idea about a link we could add to this list, please let us know. Send us the name, Web address, and a few words telling us why you think it should be here. We are interested in groups, organizations, publications, Websites and more. No marketing for private businesses or commercial products, please.

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Note: For specific activist groups or causes, see relevant topic.

external website iconActivist Network
Connecting for social change. AN is a “primarily Internet-based connecting point for social justice and environmental activism.” It provides communications between activists and organizations and is setting up the Canadian Activism Archives.

external website iconAmnesty International Canada
The Canadian branch of this global human rights activist organization. Current Canadian activities focus around aboriginal rights, particularly violence and discrimination against aboriginal women, this in addition to the regular research, reports and news.

external website iconCouncil of Canadians
CCC campaigns about Canada’s most important issues and works to protect Canadian independence; it is Canada’s largest citizens’ organization. Site includes news, publications, and multimedia (audio and video).

external website iconKickaction
“Kickaction is an online community space for girls and young women who think for themselves, take a stand and act creatively to bring positive change to their communities and across the globe!”
See also external website iconPOWER Camp National, “a national charitable organization that inspires and supports the empowerment, leadership and healthy development of girls across Canada.”

external website iconRoots and Shoots
Jane Goodall Institute of Canada. Founded by Jane Goodall, Roots and Shoots is a global network of youth taking actions to make the world a better place. Groups are encouraged to connect and work with one another; extensive resources.

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external website iconAge of Consent to Sexual Activity
Frequently asked questions, Department of Justice Canada. Canada’s ages of consent for various types of sexual acts with various types of partners.

external website iconChildren’s Rights Council
A “non-profit NGO educational and advocacy organization concerned with Canadian children’s rights and responsibilities.” Extensive links to national, international, governmental, NGO and United Nations sources.

external website iconMinimum Age
The minimum ages for various classifications of jobs in Ontario. Links include law, resources and regulations and government, national and international agencies and organizations.

external website iconPortrait of the Canadian Population in 2006, by Age and Sex: Findings
by LAURENT MARTEL and ERIC CARON MALENFANT, Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada analyzes the 2006 census to delineate the shifting balance of older and younger Canadians by province, and in rural and urban locations.

external website iconReducing Poverty Among Older Women: The Potential of Retirement Incomes Policies
by MONICA TOWNSON and OTHERS (submitted anonymously), Status of Women Canada. Explores the current status and resources of older women, policies and potential policy changes that could improve their situations, trends that will affect older women’s poverty, potential policy and overall strategy. Includes a huge bibliography.

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external website iconCanada Council for the Arts
An “Arms-length agency which fosters development of the arts in Canada through grants, services and awards.” The projects the Council supports often have a social justice focus and contribute to awareness of the variety and richness of Canadian culture.

external website iconCanadian Council of the Arts
“Provides research, analysis and consultations on public policies affecting the arts and the Canadian cultural institutions and industries. The CCA fosters informed public debate on policy issues and seeks to advance the cultural rights of Canadians.” Conferences, links.

external website iconCanadian Women Artists History Initiative
“Newly founded endeavour to bring resources and researchers together to enhance scholarship on historical women artists in Canada.” Research, events, conferences, workshops, publications, databases, tools for researchers, and a Documentation Centre with files on over 750 Canadian women artists born before 1925 (1965 for architecture).

external website iconCoalition for Cultural Diversity
Coalition of 36 member associations representing “creators, artists, independent producers, broadcasters, distributors and publishers.” CCD affirms “that cultural diversity is a fundamental human right and that countries should assure its preservation and promotion,” including and especially in this time of globalization and its ability to “hinder the dissemination of culture and severely limit access to cultural diversity by all.”

external website iconFreedom to Read Canada
Works for freedom of opinion and expression in accord with Article 19 of the UN Declaration of Human rights, battles censorship in Canada, advocates for the right to import and export “challenged books,” sponsors Freedom To Read Week and provides kit for schools; links.

external website iconInuit Art Centre
Works with “Inuit artists and Inuit art organizations to enhance the promotion and education of contemporary Inuit fine art.” Links, collection, research.

external website iconPEN Canada
“One of 144 centres of International PEN in 102 countries, [PEN Canada] is a literary and human rights association formed to protect everyone’s right to freedom of expression.” Activities include campaigns, aid for writers in prison or exile, asylum for writers in Canada, free expression in Canada, education, newsletter, media releases, reports on issues “such as the unpunished murder of writers and journalists around the world.”

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external website iconAssessing the Need to protect Political Beliefs under the CHRA
Department of Justice Canada. Discusses anti-discrimination, international law, provincial prohibitions and options in relation to the Canadian Human Rights Act. Also news releases, research summary, links.

external website iconJournal of Religious Pluralism and Society
Conceived in 2006, with volume 1 in 2007, this publication by religious studies students at McGill publishes material concerning the “renewed social relevance of religious studies.”

external website iconLet’s Talk about Creeping Canadian Militarism
by MICHAEL FELLMAN, The Tyee. Article discussing how militarism “is seeping into Canadian ideological and institutional life” and short- and long-term implications; includes discussion from readers, media check and resources.

external website iconReligions in Canada
Department of National Defence’s Religions in Canada series, unusual in the portrayal of a non-dogma-based religion.

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external website iconCanadian Coalition for Immigrant Children and Youth
“Advocates for more; better; and better coordinated services to meet the unique needs” of immigrant and refugee children and youth whose first language is other than English, French or a Canadian Aboriginal language. Actions on the national, provincial and local level. Currently an ad hoc group of teachers, professors, school administrators and trustees, NGOs and policy makers, CCICY is in the process of formalizing its structure.

external website iconChild Abuse
A fact sheet from the Department of Justice Canada. Definition, incidence, factors of child abuse; links and resources.

external website iconChildhood and Adolescence Division of Public Health Agency of Canada
“Focal point for policy development, research and strategic analysis of trends regarding broad determinants of health regarding children and youth in Canada.” Resources.

external website iconChildren: The Silenced Citizens
Effective implementation of Canada’s international obligations with respect to the rights of children. Final Report of the Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights, Honourable RAYNELL ANREYCHUK, chair. Children’s rights and the Canadian context, implementation of international law, implementing the Convention of the Rights of the Child; includes the right to participate and be heard, exploitation of children, conflict with the law, child protection issues, adoption and identity, child migrants, Aboriginal children, poverty, health, sexual orientation.

external website iconcentre for children and families in the justice system
Helps children and their families involved in the justice system; known for their approach to “understanding children exposed to domestic violence”; also focus on child protection and youth suicide and violence. Training, research, resources.

external website iconParent-Child Mother Goose Program
This independent, multicultural, international, not-for-profit organization began in 1984 as a violence prevention initiative of the Children’s Aid Society of Metro Toronto in conjunction with founders of the Storytellers’ School of Toronto. Its sessions involve stories, songs and rhymes and a snack for very young (four and under) children and their caregivers. For the first half of the session all participants meet together, then the children are cared for while the adults have a quiet time and storytelling geared to them. Publications, research, videos, CDs, newsletter, resources.

external website iconUN Secretary General’s Report on Violence against Children
“Paints a detailed picture of the nature, extent and causes of violence against children and proposes recommendation of action to prevent and respond to it.” Presented at the World Forum in Vancouver, 2006. Resources for adults and children.

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external website iconBibliography on Race, Gender and Class
Gender, Migration and Citizenship Resources Project, Status of Women Canada. Sources concerning migration, settlement, adaptation, work, health, violence, public policy, racism, rights and citizenship.

external website iconCanada Citizenship Act and Current Issues
Prepared by MARGARET YOUNG, Law and Government Division, Government of Canada | October 1997 | Revised August 1998

external website iconCitizenship Canada
Main site of Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Includes information for newcomers about citizenship application, checking on status of application, faqs, Permanent Resident Card, disclosure, international adoption, refugees, study, visit and temporary work; links and resources.

external website iconA Look at Canada: Citizenship Test: Questions
Citizenship and Immigration Canada. A practice test, the questions and answers to the test for Canadian citizenship.

external website iconWhat are my rights and responsibilities as a Canadian Citizen?
Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants. Includes definitions of terms concerning citizenship; information about dual citizenship, sponsorship, landed status, permanent residency and refugees; links.

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external website iconAbout culture at Statistics Canada
“Canadian framework for Culture Statistics.” Includes government funding of culture, the cultural labour force, activities, links, analytical studies, research papers.

external website iconCanadian Culture Online: Made in Canada
“Introduces visitors to the strong and vibrant presence of Canadian culture online, a presence that continues to define what Canada is to Canadians and the world.” Materials for children and teachers; site includes arts, heritage, nature, recreation, society and tourism.

external website iconCultural Profiles Project
Profiles of life and customs in 100 countries new Canadians come from. “Developed to assist Canadians in understanding immigrants.” Funded by Citizenship and Immigration Canada in conjunction with the AMNI Centre at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto.

external website
“The multicultural website.” Listings from many national and cultural communities. Events, organizations, announcements, cultural profiles, embassies/consulates, services, links.

external website iconFolk culture and popular culture
Site of the Canadian Museum of Civilization, “this list focuses on educational Internet resources…in the disciplines covered by the Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation.” Sources, links, general and reference works, museums and cultural institutions.

external website iconImages Canada
“Picturing Canadian Culture ... Collection of Canadian images of events, people, places and things, relating to Canada’s heritage, held by museums, archives and libraries across Canada.” Photographs, photo essays, resources.

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external website iconAlliance for Equality of Blind Canadians
The AEBC mandate is “to increase awareness of rights and responsibilities, so blind, deaf-blind and partially sighted individuals can have equal access to the benefits and opportunities of society.” Links include publications, resources, reports, schools and camps, and guide dogs. The alliance publishes Canadian Blind Monitor, which can be downloaded in Word.

external website iconCouncil of Canadians with Disabilities
An umbrella organization of cross disability organizations and national advocacy organizations controlled by people with disabilities; Council work includes developing knowledge, extending disability rights, law reform, networking, increasing self-determination, gaining and protecting the citizenship rights of people with disabilities, including work and income, and providing for the upcoming generation. Links concerning these areas.

external website iconDAWN Canada
(DisAbled Women’s Network Canada) Founded in 1985, a national organization controlled by and comprised of women who self-identify as women with disabilities. It is a “feminist organization working to achieve control over our lives and end the stereotype that labels us dependent burdens on society.” Includes information and links on conferences, local groups, technology, safety, career, women with disabilities and substances abuse, poverty, employment, violence, mothering, sexuality, suicide and health.

external website iconOffice for Disability Issues
Human Resources and Social Development Canada. The ODI is the “focal point within the government of Canada for key partners working to promote the full participation of Canadians with disabilities in learned, work and community life.” The site includes news, policies, publications and resources, and links to relevant government agencies and departments.

external website iconPersons with Disabilities Online
Service Canada. Provides “access to services and information for persons with disabilities, family members, caregivers and all Canadians.” Includes information and links about how to apply for disability benefits, advocacy, assistive technology, employment, housing, transportation and travel.

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external website iconBetter Dead than Queer: Youth Suicide and discrimination in a heterosexual world
Cross Currents, quarterly publication of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto

external website iconCanada: Stop discrimination against Indigenous children
Amnesty International Canada. Futile, to date, attempts by the Assembly of First Nations and others to get the Government of Canada to take action to decrease discrimination against young Indigenous people; resources; also, address and text for email to send to the Minister of Indian Affairs.

external website iconOverview: Discrimination and Harassment
Canadian Human Rights Commission. Definition, policy, grounds, actions, regulations concerning discrimination and harassment in Canada; resources, links, research, media, publications.

external website iconStigma
Understanding the impact of prejudice and discrimination on people with mental health and substance use problems. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

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external website iconCanadian Council on Learning
“A catalyst for lifelong learning across the country and across all walks of life.” CCL “has identified five key areas of learning in Canada that require urgent attention and has created five knowledge centres to help address them” – Aboriginal, Adult, and Early Childhood learning; Health and Work and learning. Research, reports, data, news, articles.

external website iconCanadian Education Association
“A national charitable organization ... committed to improving education through research and dialogue ... Linking, listening, learning, leading since 1891.” Research and policy, reports, news, links, events, publications concerning children and youth, diversity, equity, cooperation, community/common good.

external website iconCouncil of Ministers of Education, Canada
An intergovernmental body of ministers of education of all provinces and territories. Take on mutually relevant projects, work with education organizations and the federal government, “represent the education interests of the provinces and territories internationally,” administers the official languages program. Policy issues, literacy, Aboriginal literacy, research, publications, links.

external download iconEarly Childhood Education and Care Policy: CANADA Country Note
(PDF download)
Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Directorate of Education. Report includes demographic and social factors, family services, Aboriginal children, research and monitoring, financing, quality and recommendations.

external website iconeducation@canada: Adult Literacy & Learning
Directories, organizations lists, government of Canada and provincial adult learning programs including literacy, apprenticeship, workshop, training programme, online and distance education.

external website iconImmigrant Education Centre, George Brown College.
“Aims to facilitate entry of immigrants to Toronto, where approximately 46% of immigrants to Canada settle.”

external website iconLearning Disabilities Association of Ontario
Organization to facilitate education; for parents, teachers and people with learning disabilities. Definitions, publications, workshops, teaching tools, films, provincial and national links.

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external website iconCanadian Environmental Network (RCEN)
“Facilitates networking between environmental organizations and others who share its mandate – To Protect The Earth And Promote Ecologically Sound Ways Of Life ... Provides coordination, communication, research and networking services to more than 800 Canadian environmental groups.” Working groups, connections with environmental NGOs beyond Canada, consultations, research, reports, action alerts, weekly bulletin.

external website iconExceptional Women Environmentalists
by FRANCES ROONEY, Second Story Press, Toronto | 2007
Lives work and influence of ten environmentalists from around the globe: Sheila Watt-Cloutier and Severn Cullis-Suzuki (Canada), Rachel Carson (USA), Jane Goodall (Britain/Kenya), Dai Qing (China), Fatima Jibrell (Somalia), Vandana Shiva (India), Sharon Beder (Australia), Marina Silva (Brazil), Olya Melen (Ukraine). The global perspective and discussion of complex issues in writing that is accessible to readers starting at about age 12 set this book apart. Resources.

external website iconFury for the Sound: The Women at Clayoquot
A film by SHELLEY WINE, 86 minutes or 52 minutes, Telltale Productions | 1997, updated 2003 (24 minutes)
We rarely see the 80% of the world’s environmentalists are women. This film details women’s actions to save the ancient environment of Clayoquot Sound.
Moving Images Distribution,

external website iconPercy and Louise Schmeiser
Right Livelihood Awards, 2007. Called the “Alternative Nobel Prize,” Right Livelihood awards go to people who have achieved major contributions to the quality of life on our planet. Percy and Louise Schmeiser of Bruno, Saskatchewan, received the award for their battles against the agribusiness of the mega-multination corporation Monsanto and its practice of patenting and genetically modifying seeds so that farmers who have grown crops over centuries must now buy new seed each year – if the company will allow them to grow their crops.
For more information about this case, see also external website iconINDEPTH: GENETIC MODIFICATION Percy Schmeiser’s battle, CBC News Online | May 21, 2004

external website iconWho’s Who of Women and the Environment
United Nations Environmental Programme. Profiles of over 150 environmentalists worldwide in a list begun for International Women’s Day 2006 and continuing to grow. Links.

external website iconWomen & Environments international magazine
“A unique Canadian journal which examines women’s multiple relations to their environments – natural, built and social – from feminist perspectives.” Research, theory, professional practice, community experience including ecology, environmentalism, feminist activism, housing, transportation, health, education and technology.

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external website iconCanadian Heritage Calendar of Events
National holidays and events, some international, listings for current calendar year.

external website iconEnvironment Canada’s Green Lane: Conferences and Events
National and international conferences and events concerning the environment, ecosystems and resource management.

external website iconNational Events List
Official Government of Canada (complements Canadian Heritage list) events, links to United Nations and non-governmental organizations events.

external website iconUPCOMING EVENTS
A project of Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace. National and international peace days, conferences, workshops, events and awards; links.

external website
“The Canadian Women's Virtual Information Centre.” Bulletin boards, community, national, provincial, community, local news and events, resources, links.

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external website iconCanada’s Food Guide
Revised 2007, this standard Government of Canada guide to healthy eating now includes foods from many cultures.

external website iconCanadian Association of Food Banks
Umbrella organization for Canada’s food banks, CAFB represents food banks, advocates for users (41% of whom are children) and works with government, banks and corporations to deal with hunger in Canada. Research, education, news, partnerships.

external website iconCHF Partners
Formerly the Canadian Hunger Foundation. “A non-profit organization dedicated to enabling poor rural communities in developing countries to attain sustainable livelihoods.” Projects in 13 countries in Africa, the Americas and Asia, links, research, teaching resources, publications, news, videos.

external website iconChild Hunger in Canada
Results of the 1994 National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, by LYNN McINTYRE, SARAH K. CONNOR, and JAMES WARREN, Canadian Medical Association Journal, volume 163 number 8, pgs 961–965 | October 17, 2000

external website iconDeconstructing Supper
A film by MARIANNE KAPLAN and LEONARD TERHOCH, MSK Productions, 48 minutes | 2002
When a customer asked Vancouver restaurateur John Bishop if he served genetically modified food, he didn’t know. This film catalogues his global travels in search of the origin and circumstances of the foods in his restaurant, of the “politics, economics and ethics of eating.” This is his “engaging adventure into the billion-dollar battle to control global food production.” Includes Saskatchewan farmer Percy Schmeiser’s battle with Monsanto over modified v. non-modified, use of patented v. traditional seeds in agriculture.

external website iconFight Hunger Canada
Fight Hunger: Walk the World, initiative organized by the United Nations World Food Programme and its partners “to rise to the challenge of ending child hunger by 2015.” Participants include NGOs, student and religious groups, corporations, celebrities and teachers. News, links, events, videos, brochures, fund-raising strategies.

external website iconEating Well with Canada’s Food Guide – First Nations, Inuit and Métis
This version of Canada’s Food Guide includes traditional foods such as wild meats, game, fish, berries, wild plant and bannock. Dene National Chief Bill Erasmus was involved with its production.
For more information about First Nations, Aboriginal, Native Peoples and food, follow the links on the Web page external website iconTraditional and Contemporary Native Peoples Culture Spotlight on Food and Health,

external website iconSlow Food
“Believes in recognizing the importance of pleasure connected to food.” The organization has members and supporters in 130 countries, fosters eco-gastronomy, and works for biodiversity; quality, healthy food; local cuisines and knowledge of local food; the possibilities of growing food locally and the realization of those possibilities through community gardens. Education, news, events.

external website iconTea and Pomegranates
by NAZNEEN SHEIKH, Penguin Canada, Toronto | 2005
Memoir of growing up in Kashmir and Pakistan told through events centred around Kashmiri Mughal cooking. Sheikh lives in Toronto; her memories of food and family in a place far removed by time, geography and politics speak to a kind of pain and pleasure many immigrants experience.

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external website iconThe Canadian Electoral System
by JAMES R. ROBERTSON, Library of Parliament. Includes calling elections, enumeration, election expenses, right to vote, electoral candidacy, advertising during a campaign, election day procedures.

external website iconHow Canadians Govern Themselves
by HON. EUGENE A. FORSEY, Library of Parliament, sixth edition. Detailed explanation of Canada’s system of government, written for students. Updated regularly.

external website iconPolitical Parties in Canada All federal, provincial and territorial parties in Canada and relevant links.

external website iconStructure of the Government of Canada
Government of Canada. “Access information on the structure and components of the Government of Canada,” including the role of monarchy, the federal and parliamentary system, laws and justice system, acts and regulations and the electoral system; links.

external website iconFair Vote Canada
Founded in 2000, FVC is a “multi-partisan national citizens campaign promoting fair voting systems for use in elections at all levels,” with particular attention to proportional representation, fair votes for women, Aboriginal peoples and minorities.

external website
The International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics (iKNOW Politics) “is an online workspace designed to serve the needs of elected officials, candidates, political party leaders and members, researchers, students and other practitioners interested in advancing women in politics.”

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external download iconAdvancing Policy and Research: Responses to Immigrant and Refugee Women’s Health in Canada
PDF download
Research report prepared for The Centres of Excellence in Women’s Health , print copies available from the Canadian Women’s Health Network. Key issues include socio-cultural context, income and employment, aging, migration, impacts of health reform, emerging issues and suggested next steps. Annotated bibliography.

external website iconCanadian Women’s Health Network
“Sharing information, resources and strategies, and building links to improve women’s health.” Publication, links, resources, research, women’s health database, discussion.

external website iconInstitute for Work & Health
“An independent, not-for-profit organization whose mission is to conduct and share research with workers, labour, employers, clinicians and policy-makers to promote, protect and improve the health of working people.” Newsletters, reports, working papers, published reports.

external website iconPublic Health Agency of Canada
The agency’s mission is “To promote and protect the health of Canadians through leadership, partnership, innovation and action in public health.”

external website iconRainbow Health Network
“A catalyst and a resource for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Queer, Transgender, and Transexual individuals’ health and wellness activity in Toronto, and beyond.” News, projects, resources, advocacy, anti-racism, trans health.

external website iconWomen’s Health Matters
A project of Women’s College Hospital in Toronto. Information, research, news, links, e-bulletin.

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external website iconBlack History Canada
A portal site featuring resources relevant to Black history in Canada for classroom and research. Topics include enslavement, early settlement, forgotten stories, equity and human rights, contributions.

external website iconHistory of Canada
Canada Online, Massive numbers of resources on people, places and events of Canada’s history, includes maps and pictures, lesson plans K-8; topics include immigration, women, exploration as well as wars and political history.

external website iconCanadian Genealogy Centre
Includes how to begin researching family history, topics to research, questions to ask, research categories, biographies of women in ten fields.

external website iconIt was Their War Too: Canadian Women in World War I
by PAT STATON, Green Dragon Press, Toronto | n.d.
Explores major themes that impact on women’s lives at home and abroad and how these were lived and changed during World War One.

external website iconFamous Canadian Women
“Dedicated to helping people begin their exploration of Canadian women’s history.” Includes notable birthdays, activities and games, quotes and famous firsts.

external website
“A Guide to Women in Canadian History.” A Website created and maintained by author Merna M. Forster.

external website
Includes historical overview, resources, study/curriculum materials for various school levels, books for all ages, references, films, websites, audiotapes.

external website iconUnfolding Power: Documents in 20th Century Canadian Women’s History
by PAT STATON, ROSE FINE-MEYER, and STEPHANIE KIM, Green Dragon Press, Toronto | n.d.
Diaries, letters, advertisements, photographs that provide “a forum for the voice of women in Canada.” The book is set up to be of use in school Canadian history curricula. Further resources include books, films, Websites.

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external download iconEverything you need to open new doors
PDF download
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), "Canada's national housing agency ... works to enhance Canada’s housing finance options, assist Canadians who cannot afford housing in the private market, improve building standards and housing construction, and provide policymakers with the information and analysis they need to sustain a vibrant housing market in Canada ... helping Canadian access a wide choice of quality, affordable housing.”

external website iconCloser To Home
Six-part half-hour documentary series made for APTN about “home, housing, and life” on “reserves across Canada ... from a ... First Nations point of view.” Episodes, resources, press, news.

external download iconfact sheet on Aboriginal housing
PDF download
Government of Canada. Two-page outline of housing needs and strategies on- and off-reserves.

external website iconGuide to Co-operative Housing
CMHC. Housing cooperatives have a long and strong tradition in Canada. “They are affordable, democratic communities,” which may be a house, a series of houses, townhouses, and/or apartment buildings which are financed under federal programs and “where the residents make decisions on how the co-operative operates.” Co-operatives provide housing in a place between rental and private ownership.

external website iconHabitat for Humanity Canada
Nonprofit organization in which volunteers partner with community organizations of build affordable housing around the world. “No building a new home every 21 minutes.” National, international links, resources.

external website iconHousing New Canadians
Research Work Group, Toronto. RWG is a research partnership of York University and the University of Toronto. Research “focused on housing access and discrimination in the Toronto area, where almost half of all newcomers to Canada settle.” Research, participatory research, publications, bulletin, community agencies, links.

external website iconOntario Tenants Rights
“Web guide to Ontario’s Landlord and Tenant Act, and rental housing issues: such as finding apartments for rent, high-rise safety and security, mice, cockroaches, pigeons, and ‘toxic mold.’” Links, news, government, utility and other resources, some links “to housing information in other provinces and territories throughout Canada.”

external website iconRenting a Home
CMHC. Guide to rental housing and the process of renting for landlords, tenants and property managers. Links.

external website iconWomen Build
A project of Habitat for Humanity that assists women to build houses and to learn skills and trades from skilled tradespersons in what have been thought of as “male work.”

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external website iconCanadian Council for Refugees
“Non-profit unbrella organization committed to the rights and protection of refugees in Canada and around the world and to the settlement of refugees and immigrants in Canada.” Includes Pathways to Gender Justice: A Tool Kit for People Working in the Immigrant and Refugee Serving Sector in Canada. Information, news, issues, campaigns, education; links to national, regional, and international organizations, government departments and NGOs, as well as to refugee law sites and databases.

external website iconCitizenship and Immigration Canada
Government of Canada site; information about process, applications, fees for migrating to Canada, living in Canada, gaining citizenship, finding essential services. Research, news, statistics, publications, policies.

external website iconSettlement.Org for Newcomers
Funded by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Provides information for newcomers to help them settle in Ontario and for employers who work with newcomers; although Ontario based, includes much info of national interest, for example, refugee sponsorship, training programs, immigration scams that target immigrants.

external website iconNegotiating Citizenship: Migrant Women in Canada and the Global System
by DAIVA STASIULIS and ABIGAIL B. BAKAN, University of Toronto Press, Toronto | 2006
“Using Canada as an example of a major recipient state of international migrants, Negotiating Citizenship considers how migrant women workers from two settings in the global South – the West Indies and the Philippines – have attempted to negotiate citizenship across the global citizenship divide.” Winner of the Wilson Head Research Award and the 2005 Canadian Women’s Studies Association Book Award.

external website
Canadian Coalition for Immigrant Children and Youth. A “site for connection, collaboration and action on behalf of very young immigrant children, birth to age eight, and their parents.”

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external website iconcentre for children and families in the justice system

external website iconDepartment of Justice Canada
Department of Justice Canada. Central site of Canada’s justice system; includes child support, family violence, parenting after divorce, victim issues, youth justice, family justice. News, research, statistics, government links.

external website iconFederal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime
Government of Canada. Services for victims of crimes. News, speeches, research; federal, provincial and other links.

external website iconMETRAC
(Metropolitan Action Committee on Violence against Women and Children). Programmes aim to “prevent and end all individual, institutional and systemic forms of violence,” and to “ensure that women, youth, and children live free from al forms of violence or threat of violence.” Priorities are safety, justice and outreach. Research, educational materials, safety programmes, news. A Metropolitan Toronto programme with national relevance.

external website iconOntario Women’s Justice Network
“Online legal resources for women's organizations and individuals working on issues related to justice and violence against women and children.” Information, issues, resources, archives, how to prevent anyone’s finding that you’ve been on this site.

external website iconSpotlight on Aboriginal People and Justice Aboriginal peoples and the criminal justice system, Native law and the courts, restorative justice, the federal Aboriginal Justice Strategy, First Nations inmates. National and provincial statistics, articles, links, reports, research.

external website iconUN Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Text of the Declaration; definitions of crime and abuse of power, outline of proposed “Access to justice and fair treatment, Restitution, Compensation, Assistance” for victims of crime. Links to other UN, Charter, treaty and human rights agencies and organizations.

external website iconWomen’s Legal Education and Action Fund
(LEAF). Uses “the provisions of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to promote equality for women” by taking legal action on “significant cases that will establish important principles of equality for women” and by education. The LEAF National Legal Committee chooses cases that impact Canadian women and society.

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external website iconAdbusters
Media Foundation, Canada. The Canadian branch of this global network whose aim is to “advance the new social activist movement of the information age,” and to replace oppressive media structures.

external website iconCampaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom
“We are active in promoting greater diversity of media ownership, enhancing the rights of media workers to report freely, and monitoring key developments in the news and information industries.” Concentrated media ownership is a major concern in relation to freedom of the press and a voice for all members of Canadian society.

external website iconRacist Discourse In Canada’s English Print Media
by FRANCES HENRY and CAROL TATOR, Canadian Race Relations Foundation | March 2000

external website iconCanadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
“Independent agency responsible for regulating Canada’s broadcasting and telecommunications systems.” Issues include telemarketing, telephone and broadcasting complaints, guide to residential phone services and competition. News, media relations, complaints/inquiries, links.

external website iconFeminist Media Project
University of British Columbia School of Journalism. “The Feminist Media Project was started by a group of concerned academics and journalists focused on a feminist intervention in media depictions of missing and murdered women, and the related trial of Robert Pickton in Vancouver, British Columbia, for 26 charges of first-degree murder in the slayings of women.”

external website iconMedia Watch
“Challenging racism, sexism, and violence in the media through education and action.” Media democracy, literacy, and feminist media. News, archives, links, gallery, lectures, events, publications.

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external website iconTopics for Individuals
Canada Revenue Agency. Forms, publications, information, services concerning taxes and taxation for individuals, dealing with a variety of specialized categories. Also information about Internet, RRSP and RRIF scams.

external website iconBudgeting, Banking and Savings, Information for Newcomers
Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Fact sheet: basic budgeting factors and considerations for people new to Canada.

external website iconFraud and Security
Canadian Bankers Association. Tips on protecting yourself against scams, identity theft, deceptive telemarketing, credit card theft, money laundering operations and real estate fraud.

external website iconMoney in Their Own Name: The Feminist Voice in Poverty Debate in Canada 1970–1995
by WENDY MCKEEN, University of Toronto Press, Toronto | 2004
Canadian social policy, how institutional attitudes toward women as wives and mothers – not as individuals – has remained unchanged, and how this denies women their proper place as “independent claims-makers on the state.” McKeen “offers a new analytical tool for approaching the shaping of political interests.” Winner of the 2006 Canadian Women’s Studies Association Book Award.

external website iconThe Richest First Nation in Canada: Ecological and political life in Fort MacKay
by MACDONALD STAINSBY, The Dominion | November 12, 2007
A discussion of myths and facts, the use and misuse of information concerning “wealth” – in this case for a First Nations community on the tar sands of Alberta.

external website iconSmall Business Loans for Women in Canada: For Women Only
by SUSAN WARD, Small Business: Canada, Taken from Your Guide to Small Business in Canada, information concerning loans to women to set up or expand a small business. Services by area, links to federal and provincial programs and services.

external website iconSocial Investment Organization
Promotes “the practice of socially responsible investment (SRI) ... which is the integration of environmental, social and governance factors in the selection and management of investments.” Funds, advisors, managers for investment that hurts neither the planet nor its inhabitants.

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Native peoples

external website iconAssembly of First Nations
National organization representing all First Nations citizens in Canada, regardless of age, gender or place of residence. Actions and resources include youth, communications, economic partnerships, health, environmental stewardship, languages, First Nations Government, strategic planning, and water.

external website iconInuit Circumpolar Conference (Canada)
Represents Canadian Inuit on national and international matters, notably land claims, and works with ICC (International), which represents Inuit of Canada, Alaska, Russia and Greenland. Areas of involvement include rights to language, health, culture, values, human rights, and ongoing dialogue with the Government of Canada. ICC also works to bring attention to the use of contaminants and to global warming. Resources include the journal Silarjualiriniq – whose articles are available on the Website – articles, press releases, and links to Inuit and non-Inuit organizations, the governments of Canada, Yukon, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, UN agencies, Canadian NGOs and cultural and entertainment sources.

external website iconKids’ Stop
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Topics on this Website for kids include people, history, languages, news, “cool stuff”. Links and resources.

external website iconNational Association of Friendship Centres
This “central body of the Friendship Centre Movement ... promote[s] the concerns of Aboriginal Peoples, and represent[s] Friendship Centres to federal government and the general public.” Actions include programmes, policy reports, research papers, resources.

external website iconNative Women’s Association of Canada
Areas of focus include news, research, Sisters in Spirit (addresses violence against First Nations, Inuit and Métis women), health, youth, contact, policy and planning.

external website iconUN Adopts Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples
United Nations News Centre. On September 13, 2007, the UN adopted the Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples by a vote of 143 for, 11 abstaining and four opposing. Those four were Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. This story of the vote sets the scene for the disappointment and objection of Canadian Aboriginal people and their supporters.

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race and ethnicity

external website iconCanadian Race Relations Foundation
A Crown corporation “dedicated to the elimination of racism in Canada.” Includes links.

external website iconGlobal Gathering Place
Multicultural History Society and Centre for Instructional Technology Developments, University of Toronto, Scarborough Campus
Sections concerning immigration and ethnicity, human rights, racism, the migration process, community and neighbourhood life and Canadian citizenship; global links.

external website iconMARU
An organization committed to exploring the intersection of issues relating to migration, art and race. Because it describes its explorations as unlimited, the organization came up with the acronym, MARU.
external website, which investigates racial profiling in Canada, is a project of the MARU Society.

external website iconMixed Blessings: Mixed-race identity
by LISA KHOV, CBC News In-Depth | September 7, 2007
As more immigrants settle in Canada, mixed-race marriages have increased, “leading to more mixed-race children. Lisa Khov, herself of Chinese, Malay, English, and Scottish background, looks into the statistics and the experiences of mixed-race individuals.”

external website iconCanada’s Action Plan Against Racism
A Canada for All, Canadian Heritage

external download iconRacial Profiling: Racism in Practice?
PDF download
by ZOOL SULEMAN, Suleman and Company, Canadian Bar Association National Citizenship and Immigration Law Section newsletter | March 2005
“While the debates on ‘race politics’ differ greatly between the U.S. and Canada, given our respective histories and differing approaches, the issues related to racial profiling are starting to gain a foothold in our courts.”

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sexual orientation

external website iconEgale Canada
“National organization that advances equality and justice for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans-identified people and their families in Canada.” Issues include marriage, youth and education, families and couples, human rights, sexuality and the state, elections, Pride events, further resources.

external website iconThe Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Race: Considering the Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered ("GLBT") People of Colour and Two-Spirited People
by WAYNE van der MEIDE, Egale Canada | August 24, 2001
“This paper is the second stage in what is anticipated by EGALE to be part of a longer-term process of learning more about the experiences and perspectives of GLBT people of colour & Two-Spirited people in Canada.”

external website iconSexual Orientation and Human Rights
Canadian Heritage, Human Rights Program. Same-sex rights since decriminalization in 1969, provincially and territorially, nationally and internationally; rights in relation to section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; includes an organizations list.

external website iconSexual Orientation and Legal Rights
by MARY C. HURLEY, Library of Parliament, Law and Government Division | Revised May 31, 2007
Same-sex legal rights, decisions, legislation, law reform and other developments at the federal and provincial levels since the passage of the Canadian Human Rights Act, 1979. Regularly updated, most recent update May 31, 2007.

external website iconSexual Orientation and Legal Rights: A Chronological Overview
by MARY C. HURLEY, Library of Parliament | Revised September 26, 2005
A point-form outline of the evolution of legal rights of non-heterosexual persons in Canada since 1867.

external website iconSupporting Our Youth
Organization working to improve the quality of life for lesbian, gay, bi, transsexual and transgender youth; projects, groups, mentoring, housing, links.

external website iconThe Triangle Program
Toronto District School Board. Canada’s only classroom for LGBTQ high school students, part of the TDSB alternative school system and a safe place for students who have experienced homophobia in their regular high schools to learn; some links.

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external website iconProblems with using information: Introduction to statistics
Statistics Canada. Availability, difficulties, power, use and misuse of statistics.

external website iconResearch Data Centres Network
Statistics Canada. “The Research Data Centres program is operated through a partnership with the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Statistics Canada and a consortium of universities across the country.”

external website iconSelected Human Research Ethics Norms, Organizations and Resources
Government of Canada. National, United Nations, UNESCO, World Health Organization, World Medical Association, European Union, international guidelines for government and organizational ethical conduct of research, including statistical research, concerning human beings.

external website iconStatistics Canada
The “national statistical agency ... provides economic, social and census data.” Also, community profiles, births and deaths, historical statistics; indications include settlement patterns and social/economic standing by gender, age and origin.

external website iconWriting the Social: Critique, Theory, and Investigations
by DOROTHY E. SMITH, University of Toronto Press, Toronto | 1999 | paperback 2004
Collection of essays, includes multiple references to the nature, use, potential and abuse of statistics in social science research and writing.

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external website iconCanadian Information Processing Society
IT professional association. Of particular interest is their code of ethics; also, resources, events and IT career possibilities for teens and women.

external website iconUN Information and Communication Technologies Task Force
The purpose of the task force is “to foster digital opportunity and thus firmly put ICT at the service of development for all.” Short- and long-term goals and strategies; partnerships with UN member states, private industry, financing trusts and foundations; research, reports, news, documents, databases, links.

external website iconReproductive Technologies; surrogacy, and egg and sperm donation
by SONYA NORRIS, Library of Parliament, Government of Canada | revised 2006
Arguments for and against and a “chronology of Canada’s actions with respect to New Reproductive Technologies.”

external website iconSustainable Development Technology Canada
A “not-for-profit foundation that finances and supports the development and demonstration of clean technologies which provide solutions to issues of climate change, clean air, water quality and soil, which deliver economic, environmental and health benefits to Canadians.” News, research, projects, links.

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external website iconAbuse of Older Adults: a fact sheet
Department of Justice Canada. Types, description, contributing factors, prevention and response, warning signs, further resources.

external website iconCanadian Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse
Founded in the late 1990s, CNPEA is “dedicated to prevention of the abuse of older people in Canada" through shared information, education, research, collaboration to develop tools that advocate for the end of elder abuse, and public policy review.” Links and information include networks, health, sexuality, human rights and abuse, intergenerational issues, abuse of older adults in institutions, what to do if you are being abused, laws and programmes.

external website iconChild Abuse in Canada
Canadian Children’s Rights Council. Kinds of abuse, Public health study on reported child abuse and neglect, statistics, annotated, further resources.

external website iconInternational Action Network on Small Arms
IANSA is a global organization of over 700 member groups in 100 countries. Its Website includes information, resources, and news concerning the fight against gun violence. It also lists jobs, internships, and fellowships in related areas.

external website iconSpringtide Resources
“[P]romotes healthy and equal relationships by engaging diverse communities in shared educational strategies designed to prevent violence against women and the effect it has on children.”

external website iconViolence Against Women
Heath Canada. “Violence against women, a prime area of concern as a health issue, is rooted in the social, economic and political inequality of women. Health Canada’s activities through the National Clearinghouse on Family Violence focus on synthesizing and disseminating best practices to prevent and treat family violence, including violence against women.”
See also: external website iconMeasuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends 2006, by HOLLY JOHNSON, Statistics Canada

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external website iconAssociation for Research in Mothering
Founded in 1998, ARM is the first international feminist organization concerning motherhood and mothering. Fosters research in mothering and motherhood, publishes a quarterly journal and books through Demeter Press, which it owns; sponsors conferences, site includes resources.

external website iconCanadian Women’s Foundation
Canada’s only national public foundation for women supports “initiatives to end violence against women, move low-income women out of poverty, and build strong, resilient girls.” Since it founding in 1991, it has contributed over $10 million to over 650 programmes in every province and territory; site includes publications and resources.

external website iconCelebrating Women’s Achievements
Library and Archives Canada. Biographies, materials and links about women in film, theatre and dance, the arts, sport, activism, science, government, librarianship and bibliography, society, music, literature and the books trade; includes educational resources.

external website iconLEAF
Women’s Legal, Education and Action Fund. National non-profit organization with two-fold mandate: “to ensure that the rights of women and girls in Canada, as guaranteed in the Charter, are upheld in the courts, human rights commission and government agencies and to provide public education on the issues of gender equality.” Material include news/events, the organization’s work and results, teen pages and links.

external website iconNational Council of Women of Canada
Founded in 1889, NCW Canada is a member of the International Council of Women, which has 70 member countries. NCW works to improve life for women, families and communities; focuses include environment, housing, policy briefs and reports and resources.

external website iconStatus of Women Canada
Federal agency which promotes gender equality and full participation of women in Canadian life. Focus areas are: improving women's economic autonomy and wellbeing, eliminating systemic violence against women and children, and advocacy for women's human rights. Research, links and resources.

external website iconVoice of Women for Peace (VOW)
Established in 1960 in response to the possibility of nuclear war and the dangers to children of nuclear testing, VOW continues to highlight Canadian women's work for peace and to campaign for peace.

external website iconWomen in Canada: A Gender-Based Statistical Report
by VIVIAN O'DONNELL and others, Statistics Canada. Analyzes the situation of Canadian women by, among others, demographics, income, health, and living arrangements. An ongoing project since 1985.

external website
A virtual information centre, which includes news, resources and a directory of Canadian women’s resources, lists over 4,000 women’s groups, and links to thousands of Canadian and international sites.

external website
Canadian non-profit organization which promotes women’s participation in information and communication technology. Womanspace has resources, research, education and initiatives “which support the use of Internet for women’s equality. We work for the inclusion of women and women's organizations in all areas of ICT policy development and implementation.” It partners and affiliates with grassroots, governmental and international organizations.

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external website iconWork and Family Provisions in Canadian Collective Agreements
Human Resources and Social Development Canada. A study that provides “information is meant to help employers, unions, labour practitioners and researchers gain a better understanding of policies and practices conducive to the balancing of work and family responsibilities; identify some of the more innovative practices; assess the feasibility of implementing such arrangements in a variety of contexts; and discern some of the emerging bargaining priorities regarding this issue. This document should also inform a wider audience of the current issues and implications surrounding family-friendly policies and practices in Canada.” Deals with organization of working time; maternity, parental and adoption provisions; other leave and vacations; child care and; employee benefits.

external website icon, Training, Career and Work Information
Service Canada. Includes information on training, changing work, getting work, losing/leaving work, student employment, work after retirement, laws governing work; listings of jobs; tips for resumes and job searches; specific sections for Aboriginal people, newcomers to Canada, persons with disabilities and youth. Links include government and external sites.

external website iconSEDI
(Social and Enterprise Development Innovations). SEDI is a national charitable organization “dedicated to enabling poor and unemployed Canadians become self-sufficient.” Works with government and community-based organizations to provide programs and resources concerning starting and running a business in Canada, planning, marketing, business plans, investment and economic planning. It helps people to overcome barriers to self-employment and has a strong social policy involvement; links.

external website iconTimes Change Women’s Employment Service
Times Change has been providing career and educational counselling, computer services and training and a comprehensive resource centre since its founding in Toronto in 1974. Website includes links to local, regional and national job banks, government and private agencies, specialized work field Websites, services for specific groups, including newcomers, mature and workers with disabilities as well as rights concerning work, resumes and cover letters and online directories.

external website iconYouth Employment Strategy
(YES), Service Canada. “On this site, you will find information ranging from health and education programs to sports and cultural activities. Best of all, these services are specific to the community you live in.” YES brings together the employment programs and services for youth of 14 government of Canada departments and initiatives created through partnership with business, labour, industry, not-for-profit and voluntary organizations, Aboriginal and rural and remote communities. Links to these and other programmes and services.

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external website iconCanada and peace operations
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Government overview of Canada’s peacekeeping activities, past and present.

external website iconForeign Policy
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. “This site features information about Canada’s role in the world and other important global issues.”

external website iconCanadian Council for International Co-operation
CCIC is a coalition of 100 Canadian voluntary organizations working to end global poverty. Site includes news, speeches, commentary, publications, archives, who's who in international aid and links.

external website iconCUSO, Volunteers in Canada and Overseas
Canada’s largest and oldest volunteer-sending agency has worked with 14,000 volunteers since 1961 to bring “Canadians and the world together to address poverty, human rights issues, HIV/AIDS, inequality, cultural loss and environmental degradation.” Site includes campaigns, events, articles, documentaries and archives. “In Canada, CUSO promotes global citizenship, a concept that stresses a collective responsibly for our shared planet, and a more equitable relationship between peoples of the North and the South.”

external website iconMyths and Facts: Canada and UN Peacekeeping
United Nations Association in Canada, “a national charitable organization established in 1946.” Common ideas and conceptions about Canada’s role in global peacekeeping; links and resources.

external website iconPeaceWomen contacts | Canada
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (Canadian branch). The PeaceWomen Project “works toward rapid and full implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security.” Lists non-governmental organizations, as well as governmental and United Nations contacts for women and peace around the world.

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  • Seasonal Feature

  • April 1994: the night raid at Kingston’s Prison for Women

    by Sierra Bacquie

    There was supposed to be a new approach to the Correctional Service of Canada’s relationship to female offenders, who were promised responsible choices, respect, dignity, supportive environments, and shared responsibility. But on the night of April 26, eight women experienced humiliation, degradation, raw fear and trauma at the hands of an all-male emergency team. How did this happen? What has changed since?  read more